History & Politics

Historical & Political terms

As a history and political science students following terms are a must for everyone. If one is able to get a clear understanding of historical and political terms then it would be convenient while reading and grasping the concept of historical understanding.

Bourgeoisie The social class including people with substantial property in the form of houses, factories, or bank accounts—‘capitalists’.

C.E. – Common Era. The historical epoch dated according to Christian calendars, with Year One being the year following the birth of Jesus Christ. Civilizations and states centered on other religious traditions (e.g., Judaism, Hinduism, Islam) follow different calendars, but the ‘Christian’ calendar is the one most widely used around the world today. ‘The twentieth century’ means the century of the 1900s.

Ideology – A set of principles or ideas, or a ‘worldview’ that endorses a particular plan for the development of a society; a social philosophy.

Imperialism – (1) The process of acquiring or maintaining colonies, territories dependent on the ‘parent’ country. (2) The ideology of acquiring empire.

Laborism/laborist – Referring to political or economic organizations of workers. Laborism defends the ‘rights of labor’ against employers or the state. Some laborists are Marxists.

Print culture – Means the pattern of communication and knowledge based on printed texts, such as books and newspapers, that can be replicated quickly through mechanical means (instead of people copying out texts ‘by hand’). Print culture depends on literacy and cheapness of technology of printing. Europe, Japan and Korea all had print cultures c. 1500 C.E. involving small numbers of readers in each of those places. By 1850 print culture involved tens of millions of people around the world, most of them in towns and cities. Reading a newspaper to learn prices of stocks and reading a novel are both practices of print culture.

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